University of St Andrews

Latest News and Events:


Dr Ruth Robinson awarded Honorary Fellowship from the Royal Scottish Geographical Society


Fully funded PhD position with Dr Adrian Finch


14 April 2015

Liane Benning: "How to make biominerals from nothing and why should the world care"



REF 2014 Results

Geography and Geosciences at St Andrews is:
  • Overall: 1st in Scotland (5th in UK)
  • Outputs: 2nd in Scotland (23rd in UK)
  • Impact: 1st in Scotland (1st in UK)
  • Environment: 1st in Scotland (3rd in UK)

Earth & Environmental Sciences at St Andrews

Teaching Earth sciences at St Andrews dates to the 17th Century, a rich tradition and experience that gives us a clear educational vision: to equip and enable graduates to be competitive with the best natural scientists worldwide and to conduct exciting research at the forefront of science.

The Department is ranked consistently as one of the top UK undergraduate programmes, providing some of the highest student satisfaction surveys and with an outstanding employability record (e.g. 2nd in the UK in The Independent Complete University Guide for 2015, and 4th overall in the Times and Guardian, 2014).

Our research is both curiosity driven, addressing the profound questions about the co-evolution of Earth and life, as well as applied, with emphasis on delivering societal and economic impact. It spans the study of recent environmental change to Earth System evolution in Deep Time, all underpinned by a suite of state-of-the-art analytical and field facilities.

Contact Us:

Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences

Irvine Building

University of St Andrews

St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9AL

United Kingdom

t: (+44) (0)1334 463940

f: (+44) (0)1334 463949


Some Recent Publications

Wang, Y, Zhao, Y, Zhang, Z, Zhao, C, Wu, X , Finch, AA & Townsend, PD 2015, ' Energy dependence of radioluminescence spectra from strontium titanate ' Journal of Luminescence , vol 166, pp. 17-21.
Wood, RA, Poulton, SW , Prave, AR , Hoffmann, K-H, Clarkson, MO, Guilbaud, R, Lyne, JW, Tostevin, R, Bowyer, F, Penny, AM, Curtis, A & Kasemann, SA 2015, ' Dynamic redox conditions control late Ediacaran metazoan ecosystems in the Nama Group, Namibia ' Precambrian Research , vol 261, pp. 252-271.
Shumlyanskyy, L , Hawkesworth, C , Dhuime, B , Billström, K, Claesson, S & Storey, C 2015, ' 207 Pb/ 206 Pb ages and Hf isotope composition of zircons from sedimentary rocks of the Ukrainian shield: Crustal growth of the south-western part of East European craton from Archaean to Neoproterozoic ' Precambrian Research , vol 260, pp. 39-54.
Liu, H, Wang, Y , Cawood, PA , Fan, W, Cai, Y & Xing, X 2015, ' Record of Tethyan ocean closure and Indosinian collision along the Ailaoshan suture zone (SW China) ' Gondwana Research , vol 27, no. 3, pp. 1292-1306.
Burdett, HL , Hatton, AD & Kamenos, NA 2015, ' Effects of reduced salinity on the photosynthetic characteristics and intracellular DMSP concentrations of the red coralline alga, Lithothamnion glaciale ' Marine Biology .
Smith, O, Momber, G , Bates, CR , Garwood, P, Fitch, S, Pallen, M, Gaffney, V & Allaby, RG 2015, ' Sedimentary DNA from a submerged site reveals wheat in the British Isles 8000 years ago ' Science , vol 347, no. 6225, pp. 998-1001.
Martínez-Botí, MA, Marino, G, Foster, GL, Ziveri, P, Henehan, MJ , Rae, JWB , Mortyn, PG & Vance, D 2015, ' Boron isotope evidence for oceanic carbon dioxide leakage during the last deglaciation ' Nature , vol 518, no. 7538, pp. 219-22.
Hu, L , Cawood, PA , Du, Y, Xu, Y, Xu, W & Huang, H 2015, ' Detrital records for Upper Permian-Lower Triassic succession in the Shiwandashan Basin, South China and implication for Permo-Triassic (Indosinian) orogeny ' Journal of Asian Earth Sciences , vol 98, pp. 152-166.
Slater, LJE , Singer, MB & Kirchner, J 2015, ' Hydrologic versus geomorphic drivers of trends in flood hazard ' Geophysical Research Letters , vol 42, no. 2, pp. 370-376.
Kirschvink, JL, Isozaki, Y, Shibuya, H, Otofuji, Y-I , Raub, TD , Hilburn, IA, Kasuya, T, Yokoyama, M & Bonifacie, M 2015, ' Challenging the sensitivity limits of paleomagnetism: magnetostratigraphy of weakly magnetized Guadalupian-Lopingian (Permian) limestone from Kyushu, Japan ' Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology , vol 418, pp. 75-89.
D'Arrigo, R , Wilson, R , Wiles, G, Anchukaitis, K, Solomina, O, Davi, N, Deser, C & Dolgova, E 2015, ' Tree-ring reconstructed temperature index for coastal northern Japan: implications for western North Pacific variability ' International Journal of Climatology .
Cawood, PA , Strachan, RA, Merle, RE, Millar, IL, Loewy, SL, Dalziel, IWD, Kinny, PD, Jourdan, F, Nemchin, AA & Connelly, JN 2015, ' Neoproterozoic to early Paleozoic extensional and compressional history of East Laurentian margin sequences: the Moine Supergroup, Scottish Caledonides ' Geological Society of America Bulletin , vol 127, no. 3-4, pp. 349-371.
Allison, N , Cohen, I , Finch, AA , Erez, J & Tudhope, AW 2014, ' Corals concentrate dissolved inorganic carbon to facilitate calcification ' Nature Communications , vol 5, 5741.
Campbell, RCJ, Stephens, W & Meharg, A 2014, ' Consistency of arsenic speciation in global tobacco products with implications for health and regulation ' Tobacco Induced Diseases , vol 12, 24.
Xu, Y , Cawood, PA , Du, Y, Huang, H & Wang, X 2014, ' Early Paleozoic orogenesis along Gondwana's northern margin constrained by provenance data from South China ' Tectonophysics , vol 636, pp. 40-51.
Ohnemueller, F , Prave, AR , Fallick, AE & Kasemann, SA 2014, ' Ocean acidification in the aftermath of the Marinoan glaciation ' Geology , vol 42, no. 12, pp. 1103-1106.
Singer, MB & Michaelides, K 2014, ' How is topographic simplicity maintained in ephemeral dryland channels? ' Geology , vol 42, no. 12, pp. 1091-1094.
Wilson, R , Rao, R, Rydval, M, Wood, C, Larsson, L-Å & Luckman, BH 2014, ' Blue intensity for dendroclimatology: the BC blues: a case study from British Columbia, Canada ' The Holocene , vol 24, no. 11, pp. 1428-1438.
Oliveras, I, Girardin, C, Doughty, CE, Cahuana, N, Arenas, CE, Oliver, V, Huasco, WH & Malhi, Y 2014, ' Andean grasslands are as productive as tropical cloud forests ' Environmental Research Letters , vol 9, no. 11, 115011.
Hampson, GJ, Duller, RA, Petter, AL , Robinson, RAJ & Allen, PA 2014, ' Mass-balance constraints on stratigraphic interpretation of linked alluvial-coastal-shelfal deposits from source to sink: example from Cretaceous Western Interior Basin, Utah and Colorado, U.S.A. ' Journal of Sedimentary Research , vol 84, no. 11, pp. 935-960.