University of St Andrews
 
 
tel: +44 01334 463997
fax: +44 01334 463949
email: crb@st-andrews.ac.uk
room: 425

Dr Richard Bates

Senior Lecturer in Earth Sciences


 

I graduated with a B.Sc. in Geology from the University of Edinburgh in 1986. As a result of one of the many crashes in the oil industry I went on from there to do a PdD in applied geophysics at the School of Ocean Sciences, University of Wales, Bangor. After completing the PhD (a study into the seismic anisotropy of unconsolidated marine sediments) I went to the US to work as an applied geophysicist in industry. My first position was with Blackhawk Geosciences where I really learned what high resolution geophysics was all about - a steep learning curve involving everything from environmental problems to earth resource evaluations. Later, working for larger geophysical companies and the DoE I became involved with multicomponent seismic and naturally fractured hydrocarbon reservoirs. Since returning to the UK and joining St Andrews my focus has returned to high resolution geophysics applied to a range of issues from climate change studies to archaeology and palaeo-environmental reconstruction. I have built up a significant capacity for marine survey with multibeam sonar, sub-bottom sonar and magnetic methods used mainly for benthic habitat mapping and maritime archaeological investigations; and have developed a similar capacity for terrestrial survey with a range of geophysical tools used for both archaeology and environmental mapping.

Current supervised PhDs:

Manda Blackwell, Fiona Cunningham, Emily Gal.

C. Richard Bates

Supervisor for
  • Lawrence, Mark John

    Earth and Environmental Sciences

    Supervisor 100.00%

    6/01/9931/05/07

Research overview

Application of high resolution geophysical survey techniques for near surface investigations and the use of geophysics in a multi-disciplinary team approach to environmental problem solving. Specific focus on the fields of near surface, high resolution terrestrial geophysics (groundwater investigations, contamination mapping, structural investigations, climate change impact, palaeo-climate reconstructions, archaeological appraisal) and marine, high resolution survey (ecosystem evaluation, resource mapping, sediment dynamics, palaeo-landscape reconstruction).  Development of multi-sensor equipment for environmental investigations with an emphasis on climate impact studies such as marine benthic mapping and glacier retreat in the maritime Arctic.  Recent archaeological research investigations include the use of multi-sensor techniques at iconic sites such Stonehenge and the World Heritage sites in Orkney.   Commercialization of applied geophysics for marine investigation of Special Areas of Conservation and offshore marine resource development both internationally and on the UK Continental Shelf.

Industrial relevance

High-resolution geophysics, archaeological site survey, environmental site characterisation, environmental impact assessment, mining geophysics, petroleum exploration, hydrographic survey, marine habitat mapping, marine archaeological survey

Teaching activity

Applied Geophysics at sub-honours and honours level with application to environmental investigation, hydrogeological appraisal, engineering studies and resource development.  Petroleum Geosciences taught as industry style, CPD short courses. Environmental studies including Environmental Impact Assessment, fate of contaminants in the sub-surface, managing the impacts of climate change.  An emphasis is placed throughout on bringing industry best practice to the student learning experience through the use of case-histories, practical classes based on applied problems for industry, government and society and through joint teaching with industry experts. 

Academic/Professional Qualification

BSc (Hons), Geology, University of Edinburgh
PhD, Applied Geophysics, University Wales, Bangor
Chartered Geologist

  • Earth and Environmental Sciences

    School of Geography and

    Geosciences

    Irvine Building

    St Andrews

    KY16 9AL

    United Kingdom

    Phone: +44 (0)1334 463997
  • Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotland

  • Scottish Oceans Institute

    http://soi.st-andrews.ac.uk/
  • St Andrews Sustainability Institute

    http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/sasi/home/
  • School of Geography and Geosciences

    1/08/96 to 31/03/11

    School of Geography and

    Geosciences

    Irvine Building

    St Andrews

    KY16 9AL

    United Kingdom

    Phone: +44 (0)1334 463997

 

Recent Publications

Ashton, N, Lewis, SG, De Groote, I, Duffy, SM, Bates, M , Bates, CR , Hoare, P, Lewis, M, Parfitt, SA, Peglar, S, Williams, C & Stringer, C 2014, ' Hominin footprints from Early Pleistocene deposits at Happisburgh, UK ' PLoS One , vol 9, no. 2, e88329.
Gaffney, V, Fitch, S, Ramsey, E, Yorston, R, Ch'ng, E, Baldwin, E , Bates, CR , Gaffney, C, Ruggles, C, Sparrow, T, McMillan, A, Cowley, D, Fraser, S, Murray, C, Murray, H, Hopla, E & Howard, A 2013, ' Time and a Place: A luni-solar 'time-reckoner' from 8th millennium BC Scotland ' Internet Archaeology , vol 34, pp. 1.
Dawson, AG, Dawson, S, Cooper, JAG, Gemmell, A & Bates, CR 2013, ' A Pliocene age and origin for the strandflat of the Western Isles of Scotland: a speculative hypothesis ' Geological Magazine , vol 150, no. 2, pp. 360-366.
Bates, MR, Nayling, N , Bates, CR , Dawson, S, Huws, D & Wickham-Jones, C 2013, ' A Multi-disciplinary Approach to the Archaeological Investigation of a Bedrock-Dominated Shallow-Marine Landscape: an example from the Bay of Firth, Orkney, UK ' International Journal of Nautical Archaeology , vol 42, no. 1, pp. 24-43.
Dawson, AG, Gomez, C, Ritchie, W, Batstone, C, Lawless, M, Rowan, JS, Dawson, S, McIlveny, J , Bates, CR & Muir, D 2012, ' Barrier Island Geomorphology, Hydrodynamic Modelling, and Historical Shoreline Changes: An Example from South Uist and Benbecula, Scottish Outer Hebrides ' Journal of Coastal Research , vol 28, no. 6, pp. 1462-1476.
Finlay, AJ, McComish, JM, Ottley, CJ , Bates, CR & Selby, D 2012, ' Trace element fingerprinting of ceramic building material from Carpow and York Roman fortresses manufactured by the VI Legion ' Journal of Archaeological Science , vol 39, no. 7, pp. 2385-2391.
Quartau, R, Tempera, F, Mitchell, NC, Pinheiro, LM, Duarte, H, Brito, PO , Bates, CR & Monteiro, JH 2012, ' Morphology of the Faial Island shelf (Azores): The interplay between volcanic, erosional, depositional, tectonic and mass-wasting processes ' Geophysics, Geosystems , vol 13, Q04012, pp. -.
Cooper, J, Jackson, D, Dawson, A, Dawson, S , Bates, CR & Ritchie, W 2012, ' Barrier islands on bedrock:: A new landform type demonstrating the role of antecedent topography on barrier form and evolution ' Geology , vol 40, no. 10, pp. 923-926.
Gaffney, C, Gaffney, V, Neubauer, W, Baldwin, E, Chapman, H, Garwood, P, Moulden, H, Sparrow, T , Bates, CR , Loecker, K, Hinterleitner, A, Trinks, I, Nau, E, Zitz, T, Floery, S, Verhoeven, G & Doneus, M 2012, ' The Stonehenge Hidden Landscapes Project ' ARCHAEOLOGICAL PROSPECTION , vol 19, no. 2, pp. 147-155.
Neal, M, Blanchard, T, Hubbard, A, Chauche, N , Bates, CR & Woodward, J 2012, ' A Hardware Proof of Concept for a Remote-Controlled Glacier-Surveying Boat ' Journal of Field Robotics , vol 29, no. 6, pp. 880-890.
Wilson, R & Bates, CR 2012, ' Lake sonar surveys and the search for sub-fossil wood ' Dendrochronologia , vol 30, no. 1, pp. 61-65.
Bates, CR , Lawrence, M, Dean, M & Robertson, P 2011, ' Geophysical Methods for Wreck-Site Monitoring: the Rapid Archaeological Site Surveying and Evaluation (RASSE) programme ' International Journal of Nautical Archaeology , vol 40, no. 2, pp. 404-416.
Marshall, MH, Lamb, HF, Huws, D, Davies, SJ , Bates, CR , Bloemendal, J, Boyle, J, Leng, MJ, Umer, M & Bryant, C 2011, ' Late Pleistocene and Holocene drought events at Lake Tana, the source of the Blue Nile ' Global and Planetary Change , vol 78, no. 3-4, pp. 147-161.
Tappin, DR, Pearse, B, Fitch, S, Dove, D, Geary, B, Hill, J, Chambers, C , Bates, CR , Pinnion, C, Green, M, Gallyot, J, Georgiou, L, Brutto, D, Marzialetti, S, Hopla, E, Ramsay, E & Fielding, H 2011, The Humber Regional Environmental Characterisation: British Geological Survey Open Report OR/10/54 . British Geological Survey.
Harper, SJM , Bates, CR , Guzman, HM & Mair, JM 2010, ' Acoustic mapping of fish aggregation areas to improve fisheries management in Las Perlas Archipelago, Pacific Panama ' Ocean and Coastal Management , vol 53, no. 10, pp. 615-623.
Wickham-Jones, CR, Dawson, S & Bates, CR 2010, Orkney: The Submerged Landscape of Orkney . The Royal Archaeological Institute, London.
Baltzer, A , Bates, CR , Mokeddem, Z, Clet-Pellerin, M, Walter-Simonnet, A-V, Bonnot-Courtois, C & Austin, W 2010, ' Using seismic facies and pollen analyses to evaluate climatically driven change in a Scottish sea loch (fjord) over the last 20 ka '. in JA Howe, WEN Austin, M Forwick & M Paetzel (eds), Fjord Systems and Archives. Geological Society Special Publication, vol. 344, Geological Society, pp. 355-369.
Bates, CR & Jarvis, J 2010, Quantification of Physical Changes in the Coastal Landscape of the South Ford, Outer Hebrides . Aberdeen Institute for Coastal Science and Management.
Dobson, NC, Tolson, H, Lavery, B , Bates, CR , Tempera, F & Pearce, J 2010, ' The HMS Sussex Shipwreck Project (Site E-82): Preliminary Report '. in G Stemm & S Kingsley (eds), Oceans Odyssey. Oxbow Books, Oxford, pp. 159-190.
Bates, CR , Bates, MR, Dix, J & Henstock, T 2009, Transition Zone Mapping for Marine-Terrestrial Archaeological Continuity (Contiguous Palaeo-Landscape Reconstruction) . vol. MALSF Project No. 4632, English Heritage.