Dr Andrea Burke

Dr Andrea Burke
Senior Lecturer


My research is motivated by a desire to understand the interactions between ocean circulation, chemistry, and climate on a variety of timescales. To do this, I use isotope geochemistry and numerical modeling. Current interests include:

Southern Ocean circulation and CO2
Overturning circulation in the Southern Ocean plays a key role in CO2 regulation and heat transport. Changes in Southern Ocean circulation are thought to control glacial-interglacial CO2 cycles in the past, and may have an important influence on anthropogenic
CO2 uptake in the future. To understand these processes I use radiocarbon as a tracer of ocean-atmosphere CO2 exchange and ocean circulation. Much of my work has focused on deep sea corals, which provide an excellent archive for radiocarbon and other geochemical tracers, and can be precisely dated using uranium and thorium isotope ratios (Burke and Robinson, 2012, Chen et al., 2015). This geochemical work is coupled with circulation modelling, including the application of inverse methods to explore protactinium/thorium changes in the deep Atlantic (Burke et al., 2011), and new approaches to dynamical modelling of Southern Ocean circulation (Ferrari et al., 2014; Burke, Stewart et al., 2015).

Sulfur biogeochemistry and climate forcing
The sulfur cycle exerts an important control on earth's surface redox state, is intertwined with a variety of biogeochemical reactions, and may act as a major climate forcer. To gain insights into these processes I make measurements of sulfur isotope ratios, using a new multi-collector inductively-coupled-plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICPMS) technique (Paris et al., 2013). The key advantage of this method is that it allows us to make measurements on extremely small samples, opening up a variety of exciting new research possibilities. Current work includes constraining riverine fluxes of sulfur to the ocean, and reconstructions of climate forcing from volcanic sulfate aerosols.


Marie Curie Career Integration Grant (REINFORCE: Reconstructing and Interpreting the Forcing of Climate using Sulfur and Carbon Isotopes).

NERC Standard Grant: REIMAGINATION: REconstructing and understanding the IMplications of surface radiocarbon AGe changes In the North Atlantic for overturning circulatTION)

source: symbiosis


Recent publications

26  (of 26 published available) for ab276. (source: University of St Andrews PURE)
Please click title of any item for full details.

Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology
vol.Early View 
Acceleration of northern ice sheet melt induces AMOC slowdown and northern cooling in simulations of the early last deglaciation
Ruza Ivanovic, Lauren Gregoire, Andrea Burke, A. D. Wickert, P. J. Valdes, H. C. Ng, L. F. Robinson, J. F. McManus, J. X. Mitrovica, L. Lee, J. E. Dentith 
Keywords: Heinrich Stadial 1, Meltwater, AMOC, Freshwater forcing, Deglaciation, Stadial
2018 (24/10)
vol.562 pp.569-573
CO2 storage and release in the deep Southern Ocean on millennial to centennial timescales
James William Buchanan Rae, Andrea Burke, L. F. Robinson, J. F. Adkins, T. Chen, Catherine Sarah Cole, Rosanna Greenop, T. Li, Dan Constantin Nita, J. A. Stewart,  
2018 (16/6)
Geophysical Research Letters
vol.45 pp.5681-5689

Nature Geoscience

Deglacial upwelling, productivity and CO2 outgassing in the North Pacific Ocean
William Robert Gray, James William Buchanan Rae, Robert C. J. Wills, Amelia E. Shevenell, Andrea Burke, Gavin L. Foster, Caroline H. Lear 
2018 (1/7)
Quaternary Science Reviews
vol.191 pp.256-274
Distribution and ecology of planktic foraminifera in the North Pacific
James William Buchanan Rae, William Robert Gray, Kate Darling, Andrea Burke, Rainer Gersonde, Andrea Abelmann, Edith Maier, Oliver Esper, Patrizia Ziveri 
2018 (15/8)
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
vol.496 pp.168-177
Sulfur isotopes in rivers
Andrea Burke, Theodore M. Present, Guillaume Paris, Emily C. M. Rae, Brodie H. Sandilands, Jérôme Gaillardet, Bernhard Peucker-Ehrenbrink, Woodward W. Fischer, James W. McClelland, Robert G. M. Spencer, Britta M. Voss, Jess F. Adkins 
Keywords: Sulfur, Rivers, Weathering, Pyrite
2017 (16/1)
Geophysical Research Letters
vol.44 pp.383-392
2017 (20/3)
Chemical Geology
vol.453 pp.146-168
Neodymium isotopes and concentrations in aragonitic scleractinian cold-water coral skeletons - Modern calibration and evaluation of palaeo-applications
Torben Struve, Tina van de Flierdt, Andrea Burke, Laura F Robinson, Samantha J. Hammond, Kirsty C. Crocket, Louisa I. Bradtmiller, Maureen E. Auro, Kais J. Mohamed, Nicholas J. White 
Keywords: Neodymium isotopes, Rare earth elements, Cold-water corals, Seawater, Sediments, Drake Passage
2017 (19/9)
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
vol.114 pp.10035-10040
Synchronous volcanic eruptions and abrupt climate change ~17.7k years ago plausibly linked by stratospheric ozone depletion
Joe McConnell, Andrea Burke, Nelia W. Dunbar, Peter Köhler, Jennie L. Thomas, Monica M. Arienzo, Nathan J. Chellman, Olivia J. Maselli, Michael Sigl, Jess F. Adkins, Daniel Baggenstos, John F. Burkhart, Edward J. Brook, Christo Buizert, Jihong Cole-Dai, T. J. Fudge, Gregor Knorr, Hans-F. Graf, Mackenzie M. Grieman, Nels Iverson, Kenneth C. McGwire, Robert Mulvaney, Guillaume Paris, Rachael H. Rhodes, Eric S. Saltzman, Jeffrey P. Severinghaus, Jørgen Peder Steffensen, Kendrick C. Taylor, Gisela Winckler 
Keywords: Climate, Deglaciation, Volcanism, Ozone, Aerosol
2016 (29/7)
Geoscientific Model Development
vol.9 pp.2563-2587
Transient climate simulations of the deglaciation 21-9 thousand years before present (version 1) - PMIP4 Core experiment design and boundary conditions
Ruza Ivanovic, Lauren Gregoire, Masa Kageyama, Didier Roche, Paul Valdes, Andrea Burke, Rosemarie Drummond, W. Richard Peltier, Lev Tarasov 
2015 (15/12)
Earth and Planetary Science Letters
vol.432 pp.187-198
2015 (25/9)
vol.349 pp.1537-1541
Synchronous centennial abrupt events in the ocean and atmosphere during the last deglaciation
Tianyu Chen, Laura Robinson, Andrea Burke, John Southen, Peter Spooner, Paul J. Morris 
vol.Early view 
The glacial mid-depth radiocarbon bulge and its implications for the overturning circulation
Andrea Burke, Andrew L. Stewart, Jess F. Adkins, Raffaele Ferrari, Mate F. Jansen, Andrew F. Thompson 
Keywords: Radiocarbon, Overturning circulation, Last Glacial Maximum
2014 (17/6)
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
vol.111 pp.8753-8758
2014 (1)
Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography
vol.99 pp.237-248
2013 (1)
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
vol.294 pp.328-334
Carbonate as sputter target material for rapid 14C AMS
Brett E. Longworth, Laura F. Robinson, Mark L. Roberts, Steven R. Beaupre, Andrea Burke, William J. Jenkins 
Keywords: Accelerator mass spectrometry, Carbon, Graphite, Carbonate, Ion source, Method development, Sputtering
Movement of deep-sea coral populations on climatic timescales
Nivedita Thiagarajan, Dana Gerlach, Mark L. Roberts, Andrea Burke, Ann McNichol, William J. Jenkins, Adam V. Subhas, Ronald E. Thresher, Jess F. Adkins 
Limnology and Oceanography: Methods
vol.10 pp.464-474
Improvements to 232-thorium, 230-thorium, and 231-protactinium analysis arising from GEOTRACES intercalibration
Maureen E. Auro, Laura F. Robinson, Andrea Burke, Louisa I. Bradtmiller, Martin Q. Fleischer, Robert F. Anderson 
vol.335 pp.557-561
2011 (3)
Application of an inverse method to interpret 231Pa/230Th observations from marine sediments
Andrea Burke, Olivier Marchal, Louisa I. Bradtmiller, Jerry F. McManus, Roger Francois 
2011 (12)
Rapid radiocarbon (14C) analysis of coral and carbonate samples using a continuous-flow accelerator mass spectrometry (CFAMS) system
Cameron P. McIntyre, Mark L. Roberts, Joshua R. Burton, Ann P McNichol, Andrea Burke, Laura F. Robinson, Karl F. von Reden, William J Jenkins 
2011 (1/10)
Journal of Glaciology
vol.57 pp.929-941
Seasonal evolution of water source contributions to subglacial outflow: Insight from a new isotope-mixing model
Maya P. Bhatia, Sarah B. Das, Elizabeth B. Kujawinski, Paul B. Henderson, Andrea Burke, Matthew A. Charette 
2010 (11)
Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers
vol.57 pp.1510-1520
Permafrost and Periglacial Processes
vol.20 pp.295-308
2008 (8)
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems
Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography
vol.54 pp.558-580
Seasonal cycles in biogenic production and export in Northern Bay of Bengal sediment traps
Heather M. Stoll, Alicia Arevalos, Andrea Burke, Patrizia Ziveri, Graham Mortyn, Nobumichi Shimizu, Daniela Unger 
Keywords: Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean, Coccoliths, Foraminifera, Sr/Ca, Florisphaera profunda

Contact Details:

Dr Andrea Burke
Irvine Building
University of St Andrews
North Street
St Andrews
KY16 9AL

tel: 01334 464015
room: 416
email: ab276@st-andrews.ac.uk



Scottish Oceans Institute
School of Earth and Environmental Sciences
STAIG Principle Investigators

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