Dr Mark Claire

Dr Mark Claire


My research focuses on atmopsheric chemistry on Earth, Mars and exoplanets. I'm interested in how atmospheres respond to changing fluxes from biology and volcanic/stellar activity, and in how atmopsheres change over timescales from days to billions of years. In addition to learning from modern and remote observations, I focus on surface/atmosphere interactions that can transfer distinctive atmopsheric signatures into the sedimentary record. I use both a "top-down" approach utlizing numerical modelling and a "bottom-up" approach of using geochemical measurements to constrain paleo-atmospheric composition. Additional information is on my research website.

source: symbiosis


Recent publications listed in research@st-andrews
Zerkle, AL, Poulton, SW, Newton, RJ, Mettam, C, Claire, MW, Bekker, A & Junium, CK 2017, 'Onset of the aerobic nitrogen cycle during the Great Oxidation Event' Nature, vol 542, pp. 465-467. DOI: 10.1038/nature20826
Arney, G, Domagal-Goldman, SD, Meadows, VS, Wolf, ET, Schwieterman, E, Charnay, B, Claire, M, Hébrard, E & Trainer, MG 2016, 'The pale orange dot: the spectrum and habitability of hazy Archean Earth' Astrobiology, vol 16, no. 11, pp. 873-899. DOI: 10.1089/ast.2015.1422
Harris, J, Cousins, CR & Claire, MW 2016, Spectral identification and quantification of salts in the Atacama Desert. in U Michel, K Schulz, M Ehlers, KG Nikolakopoulos & D Civco (eds), Earth Resources and Environmental Remote Sensing/GIS Applications VII. vol. 10005, 100050I, Proceedings of SPIE, vol. 10005, SPIE, Earth Resources and Environmental Remote Sensing/GIS Applications VII, Edinburgh, United Kingdom, 27-29 September. DOI: 10.1117/12.2241520
Fortney, JJ, Robinson, TD, Domagal-Goldman, S, Amundsen, DS, Brogi, M, Claire, M, Crisp, D, Hebrard, E, Imanaka, H, Kok, RD, Marley, MS, Teal, D, Barman, T, Bernath, P, Burrows, A, Charbonneau, D, Freedman, RS, Gelino, D, Helling, C, Heng, K, Jensen, AG, Kane, S, Kempton, EM-R, Kopparapu, RK, Lewis, NK, Lopez-Morales, M, Lyons, J, Lyra, W, Meadows, V, Moses, J, Pierrehumbert, R, Venot, O, Wang, SX & Wright, JT 2016 'The need for laboratory work to aid in the understanding of exoplanetary atmospheres' Nexus for Exoplanet System Science (NExSS), pp. 1-18.
Izon, G, Zerkle, AL, Zhelezinskaya, Y, Farquhar, J, Newton, RJ, Poulton, SW, Eigenbrode, JL & Claire, M 2015, 'Multiple oscillations in Neoarchaean atmospheric chemistry' Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol 431, pp. 264-273. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.09.018
Domagal-Goldman, SD, Segura, A, Claire, MW, Robinson, TD & Meadows, VS 2014, 'Abiotic ozone and oxygen in atmospheres similar to prebiotic earth' Astrophysical Journal, vol 792, no. 2, 90. DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/792/2/90
Rushby, A, Claire, M, Osborn, H & Watson, A 2013, 'Habitable Zone Lifetime of Exoplanets around Main Sequence Stars' Astrobiology, vol 13, no. 9, pp. 833-849. DOI: 10.1089/ast.2012.0938
Zerkle, AL, Claire, M, Domagal-Goldman, SD, Farquhar, J & Poulton, SW 2012, 'A bistable organic-rich atmosphere on the Neoarchaean Earth' Nature Geoscience, vol 5, pp. 359-363. DOI: 10.1038/NGEO1425
Solontoi, M, Lvezic, Z, Juric, M, Becker, AC, Jones, L, West, AA, Kent, S, Lupton, RH, Claire, M, Knapp, GR, Quinn, T, Gunn, JE & Schneider, DP 2012, 'Ensemble properties of comets in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey' Icarus, vol 218, no. 1, pp. 571-584. DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2011.10.008
Domagal-Goldman, S, Meadows, VS, Claire, MW & Kasting, JF 2011, 'Using biogenic sulfur gases as remotely detectable biosignatures on anoxic planets' Astrobiology, vol 11, no. 5, pp. 419–441. DOI: 10.1089/ast.2010.0509
Tian, F, Claire, M, Haqq-Misra, JD, Smith, M, Crisp, DC, Catling, D, Zahnle, K & Kasting, JF 2010, 'Photochemical and climate consequences of sulfur outgassing on early Mars' Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol 295, no. 3-4, pp. 412-418. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2010.04.016
Solontoi, M, Ivezic, Z, West, AA, Claire, M, Juric, M, Becker, A, Jones, L, Hall, PB, Kent, S, Lupton, RH, Knapp, GR, Quinn, T, Gunn, JE, Schneider, D & Loomis, C 2010, 'Detecting active comets in the SDSS' Icarus, vol 205, no. 2, pp. 605-618. DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2009.07.042
Marion, GM, Catling, DC, Zahnle, KJ & Claire, MW 2010, 'Modeling aqueous perchlorate chemistries with applications to Mars' Icarus, vol 207, no. 2, pp. 675-685. DOI: 10.1016/j.icarus.2009.12.003
Catling, DC, Claire, M, Zahnle, KJ, Quinn, RC, Clark, BC, Hecht, MH & Kounaves, S 2010, 'Atmospheric origins of perchlorate on Mars and in the Atacama' Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, vol 115, no. E1, E00E11. DOI: 10.1029/2009JE003425
Goldblatt, C, Claire, MW, Lenton, TM, Matthews, AJ, Watson, AJ & Zahnle, KJ 2009, 'Nitrogen-enhanced greenhouse warming on early Earth' Nature Geoscience, vol 2, no. 12, pp. 891-896. DOI: 10.1038/NGEO692
Covey, KR, Ivezic, Z, Schlegel, D, Finkbeiner, D, Padmanabhan, N, Lupton, RH, Agueros, MA, Bochanski, JJ, Hawley, SL, West, AA, Seth, A, Kimball, A, Gogarten, SM, Claire, M, Haggard, D, Kaib, N, Schneider, DP & Sesar, B 2007, 'Stellar SEDs from 0.3 to 2.5 mu m: Tracing the stellar locus and searching for color outliers in the SDSS and 2MASS' Astronomical Journal, vol 134, no. 6, pp. 2398-2417.
Mix, LJ, Armstrong, JC, Mandell, AM, Mosier, AC, Raymond, J, Raymond, SN, Stewart, FJ, von Braun, K, Zhaxybayeva, O, Billings, L, Cameron, V, Claire, M, Dick, GJ, Domagal-Goldman, SD, Javaux, EJ, Johnson, OJ, Laws, C, Race, MS, Rask, J, Rummel, JD, Schelble, RT, Vance, S, Adam, Z, Backus, P, Beegle, L, Bishop, J, Boering, K, Briley, M, Calvin, W, Catling, D, Cleland, C, Dodson, KE, Fletcher, J, Acosta, ED, de Zwart, I, Eigenbrode, J, Farmer, J, Frank, S, Gogarten, P, Goolish, E, Grymes, R, Haghighipour, N, Hudson, T, Ivkovic, V, Jahangeer, M, Jakosky, B, Kenyon, S, Kilston, S, Knoll, A, Korpela, E, Lamb, D, Lazio, J, Lenski, R, Link, L, Lloyd, K, Lunine, J, Manga, M, McCoy, T, Meech, K, Mello, G, Mojzsis, S, Morrison, D, Morton, O, Moser, D, Nealson, K, Nimno, F, Norris, R, Offerdahl, E, Olien, T, Pace, N, Pfiffner, S, Philips, C, Rao, S, Rodriquez, D, Rummel, J, Schopf, B, Seager, S, Sleep, N, Sogin, M, Solovaya, N, Sullivan, W, Thomas, B, Thorsteinsson, T, Tomow, C, Wevrick, M, Woolf, N, Yamaguchi, K & Zerella, M 2006, 'The astrobiology primer: An outline of general knowledge - Version 1, 2006' Astrobiology, vol 6, no. 5, pp. 735-813.
Claire, MW, Catling, DC & Zahnle, KJ 2006, 'Biogeochemical Modeling of the Rise in Atmospheric Oxygen' Geobiology, vol 4, pp. 239-269.
Agueros, MA, Ivezic, Z, Covey, KR, Obric, M, Hao, L, Walkowicz, LM, West, AA, Vanden Berk, DE, Lupton, RH, Knapp, GR, Gunn, JE, Richards, GT, Bochanski, J, Brooks, A, Claire, M, Haggard, D, Kaib, N, Kimball, A, Gogarten, SM, Seth, A & Solontoi, M 2005, 'The ultraviolet, optical, and infrared properties of Sloan Digital Sky Survey sources detected by GALEX' Astronomical Journal, vol 130, no. 3, pp. 1022-1036. DOI: 10.1086/432160

Contact Details:

Dr Mark Claire
Irvine Building
University of St Andrews
North Street
St Andrews
KY16 9AL

tel: 01334 464016
room: 417
email: mc229@st-andrews.ac.uk


Mark's Research Website
School of Earth and Environmental Sciences
Centre for Exoplanet Science

edit mc229 details